Revisiting cytomegalovirus serostatus and replication as risk factors for inferior long-term outcomes in the current era of renal transplantation

Nicole Bischof, Caroline Wehmeier, Michael Dickenmann, Patricia Hirt-Minkowski, Patrizia Amico, Jürg Steiger, Klaudia Naegele, Hans H Hirsch, Stefan Schaub
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation 2020 February 1, 35 (2): 346-356

BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) serostatus and CMV replication are considered as risk factors for inferior graft and patient survival after renal transplantation, but long-term outcome data are limited. The aim of this retrospective single-centre study was to investigate the impact of CMV serostatus and CMV replication/disease on long-term outcomes in a well-defined cohort managed by a standardized CMV prevention/treatment protocol.

METHODS: We investigated 599 consecutive kidney transplantations having a CMV prevention protocol consisting of either prophylaxis (D+/R- and R+ with ATG induction) or screening/deferred therapy (R+ without ATG induction). Patients were grouped according to CMV serostatus [high risk (D+/R-): n = 122; intermediate risk (R+): n = 306; low risk (D-/R-): n = 171] and occurrence of CMV replication/disease (no CMV replication: n = 419; asymptomatic CMV replication: n = 110; CMV syndrome: n = 39; tissue-invasive CMV disease: n = 31). The median follow-up time was 6.5 years.

RESULTS: Graft and patient survival were not different among the three CMV serostatus groups as well as the four CMV replication/disease groups (P ≥ 0.44). Eighty-seven patients died, 17 due to infections (21%), but none was attributable to CMV. The overall hospitalization incidence for CMV-related infection was 3% (17/599 patients). The incidence of clinical and (sub)clinical rejection was similar among the groups (P ≥ 0.17). In a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, neither CMV serostatus, nor CMV replication, nor CMV disease were independent predictors for patient death or graft failure, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective single-centre study suggests that the negative impact of CMV infection on long-term patient and allograft survival as well as on allograft rejection can be largely eliminated with current diagnostic/therapeutic management.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"