JOURNAL ARTICLE

Two novel truncating variants of the AAAS gene causative of the triple A syndrome

V Vezzoli, P Duminuco, G Pogliaghi, M Saccone, B Cangiano, M C Rosatelli, A Meloni, L Persani, M Bonomi
Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 2020 January 14
31939195

PURPOSE: The triple A syndrome (AAAS) is an inherited condition associated with mutations in the AAAS gene, which encodes a protein of 546 amino acids known as ALADIN (alacrima achalasia adrenal insufficiency neurologic disorder) whose function is not well understood. This protein belongs to the WD-repeat family of regulatory proteins and is located in the nuclear pore complexes. Only a few cohorts of AAAS patients have been reported and fully characterized. Thus, the objective of the present study was to report on a mini cohort of Italian AAAS patients and to get insights on their predisposing genetic defects.

METHODS: Genetic analysis of AAAS gene in triple A syndrome patient and molecular and functional characterization of the novel identified allelic variants.

RESULTS: Here we describe three newly diagnosed cases of AAAS, in whom genetic analysis allowed us to identify two novel allelic variants in the AAAS gene: the frameshift substitution c.765 dupT (p.Gly256Trp fsX67) in exon 8 and the splice site mutation in intron 11(c.997-2 A > G, IVS11-2A > G). Both variants result in a truncated non-functional protein, as we demonstrate by transcript analysis and expression studies.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings establish a pathogenic role for both new variants. Moreover, our data highlight the essential role of the C-terminal domain of the protein for its correct targeting and function and underline the importance of sequencing splice sites surrounding the intron-exon junctions to ensure accurate molecular diagnosis and correct genetic counseling in AAAS patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
31939195
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"