Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension In Systemic Sclerosis: Challenges In Diagnosis, Screening And Treatment

Didem Saygin, Robyn T Domsic
Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews 2019, 11: 323-333
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic, multisystem autoimmune disease characterized by vasculopathy, fibrosis and immune system activation. Pulmonary hypertension and interstitial lung disease account for majority of SSc-related deaths. Diagnosis of SSc-PAH can be challenging due to nonspecific clinical presentation which can lead to delayed diagnosis. Many screening algorithms have been developed to detect SSc-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-PAH) in early stages. Currently used PAH-specific medications are largely extrapolated from IPAH studies due to smaller number of patients with SSc-PAH. In this review, we discuss the current state of knowledge in epidemiology and risk factors for development of SSc-PAH, and challenges and potential solutions in the diagnosis, screening and management of SSc-PAH.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"