A yolk sac tumor of the pancreas and derived xenograft model effectively responded to VIP chemotherapy

Junpei Yonemaru, Mami Takahashi, Satoshi Nara, Hitoshi Ichikawa, Rikako Ishigamori, Toshio Imai, Nobuyoshi Hiraoka
Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.] 2019 December 31

BACKGROUND: Yolk sac tumors (YSTs) of the pancreas are extremely rare, and no drug responsiveness data are available regarding YSTs.

METHODS: We report a pancreatic YST in a 70-year-old woman, and its chemotherapeutic responsiveness based on clinical records and evaluation of a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) line of the YST.

RESULTS: The YST was an 11-cm, solid mass located in the pancreatic tail. Histologically, the tumor showed medullary proliferation of tumor cells, with a variety of growth patterns including microcystic/reticular, endodermal sinus, and hepatoid patterns. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for Sall4, glypican-3, and alpha-fetoprotein. We administered VIP (etoposide, ifosfamide, cisplatin) chemotherapy for a recurrent liver tumor, and obtained complete pathological remission. A drug-response assay using the PDX line from this YST revealed that both VIP and gemcitabine effectively inhibit tumor growth.

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that differential diagnosis of YST from adenocarcinoma is important for selecting appropriate chemotherapy.

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