Emodin relieved lipopolysaccharide-evoked inflammatory damage in WI-38 cells by up-regulating taurine up-regulated gene 1

Linlin Zang, Yongqing Song, Fengying Yu, Xiuxia Liu
BioFactors 2020 January 7

BACKGROUND: Neonatal pneumonia (NP) has a high fatality rate in neonatal illness. This research investigated the functions of emodin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-evoked inflammatory injury in WI-38 cells.

METHODS: Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and flow cytometry were utilized for examining the impacts of LPS and emodin on viability and apoptosis, respectively. Taurine up-regulated gene 1 (TUG1) level was altered through cell transfection and investigated by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Moreover, RT-qPCR, western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were utilized for investigating expressions of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and interleukin (IL)-6. Western blot was carried out for investigating the levels of Bcl-2, Bax, pro-Caspase-3, cleaved-Caspase-3 and NF-κB and p38MAPK pathway-related proteins.

RESULTS: LPS treatment restrained cell viability, enhanced apoptosis, and expressions of inflammation-related IL-6 and MCP-1. Emodin alleviated LPS-evoked inflammatory injury and restrained the NF-κB and p38MAPK pathways. Furthermore, emodin positively regulated TUG1 expression and TUG1 silencing could reverse the efficacy of emodin on IL-6 and MCP-1 expressions. Finally, TUG1 regulates the expression of inflammatory factors through NF-κB and p38MAPK pathways.

CONCLUSION: Emodin alleviated LPS-evoked inflammatory injury by raising TUG1 expression via NF-κB and p38MAPK pathways in WI-38 cells.

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