Pericardial decompression syndrome: A comprehensive review

Yougeesh Prabhakar, Amandeep Goyal, Nauman Khalid, Nitish Sharma, Raj Nayyar, David H Spodick, Lovely Chhabra
World Journal of Cardiology 2019 December 26, 11 (12): 282-291
Pericardial decompression syndrome (PDS) is an infrequent, life-threatening complication following pericardial drainage for cardiac tamponade physiology. PDS usually develops after initial clinical improvement following pericardiocentesis and is significantly underreported and may be overlooked in the clinical practice. Although the precise mechanisms resulting in PDS are not well understood, this seems to be highly associated with patients who have some underlying ventricular dysfunction. Physicians performing pericardial drainage should be mindful of the risk factors associated with the procedure including the rare potential for the development of PDS.

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