Efficacy of multimodal analgesic treatment of severe traumatic acute pain in mice pretreated with chronic high dose of buprenorphine inducing mechanical allodynia

Basile Coutens, Céline Derreumaux, François Labaste, Vincent Minville, Bruno Pierre Guiard, Lionel Moulédous, Vincent Bounes, Anne Roussin, Bernard Frances
European Journal of Pharmacology 2019 December 20, : 172884
Managing severe acute nociceptive pain in buprenorphine-maintained individuals for opioid use disorder management is challenging owing to the high affinity and very slow dissociation of buprenorphine from μ-opioid receptors that hinders the use of full agonist opioid analgesics. In a translational approach, the aim of this study was to use an animal setting to investigate the effects of a chronic high dose of buprenorphine treatment on nociceptive thresholds before and after applying a severe acute nociceptive traumatic surgery stimulus and to screen postoperative pharmacological analgesic strategies. A chronic treatment of mice with a high dose of buprenorphine (BUP HD, 2 × 200 μg/kg/day; i.p.) revealed significant mechanical allodynia. One and two days after having discontinued buprenorphine administration and having induced a severe nociceptive acute pain by a closed tibial fracture, acute administration of morphine at a dose which has analgesic effects in absence of pretreatment (4.5 mg/kg; i.p.), was ineffective to reduce pain in the BUP HD group. However, mimicking multimodal analgesia strategy used in human postoperative context, the combination of morphine (administered at the same dose) with a NMDA receptor antagonist (ketamine) or an NSAID (ketoprofen) produced antinociceptive responses in these animals. The mouse model of closed tibial fracture could be useful to identify analgesic strategies of postoperative pain for patients with chronic exposure to opioids and suffering from hyperalgesia.

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