OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Antiphospholipid syndrome

Lisa R Sammaritano
Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology 2019 December 19, : 101463
31866276
Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune systemic disorder characterized by arterial, venous, or small vessel thrombosis and/or recurrent early pregnancy loss, fetal loss, or pregnancy morbidity in the setting of documented persistent antiphospholipid antibodies that include the lupus anticoagulant, or moderate-high titer anticardiolipin, or anti-β2Glycoprotein I antibodies. Associated clinical manifestations include livedo reticularis, cutaneous ulcerations, thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, valvular heart disease, and nephropathy. The degree of risk associated with antiphospholipid antibody depends on the characteristics of the antiphospholipid antibody profile and on the presence of additional thrombotic risk factors. Current standard treatment for unprovoked thrombosis is long-term warfarin or other vitamin K antagonist therapy. Treatment to prevent recurrent obstetric complications is low-dose aspirin and prophylactic heparin, usually low-molecular-weight heparin. Optimal treatment for standard therapy failures or for certain nonthrombotic manifestations is uncertain, although nonanticoagulation therapies that address multiple demonstrated mechanisms of disease are being explored.

Full Text Links

We have located links that may give you full text access.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
31866276
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"