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The association between novel glucose indices in parturients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and clinically significant neonatal hypoglycemia.

The aim of this study was to determine the association between glucose control indices of parturient with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), treated with an insulin pump and utilizing continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), and clinically significant neonatal hypoglycemia. This was a retrospective cohort study which included 37 pregnant women with T1DM. All women were followed at a single tertiary center and had available CGM data. The association between maternal glucose indices before delivery and the risk for neonatal hypoglycemia requiring IV glucose (clinically significant hypoglycemia) was assessed using logistic regression. Mothers to neonates that experienced clinically significant hypoglycemia had a higher glucose standard deviation (SD) before delivery than did mothers to neonates who did not (25.5 ± 13 mg/dL vs. 14.7 ± 6.7 mg/dl respectively; p  = .008). This association persisted after adjustment for maternal age, maternal pregestational body mass index (BMI), gestational age at delivery, neonatal birth weight, large for gestational age (LGA) and gender. This study demonstrates an association between high maternal glucose standard deviation before delivery and the risk for clinically significant neonatal hypoglycemia. Larger studies are needed to confirm these results and further explore the role of intrapartum glucose variability in the prediction and prevention of significant neonatal hypoglycemia.

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