R5, a neutralizing antibody to Robo1, suppresses breast cancer growth and metastasis by inhibiting angiogenesis via down-regulating filamin A

Qianming Li, Jinghua Cao, Yajun He, Xiaohua Liu, Guanquan Mao, Bo Wei, Shiyan Liao, Qianqian Zhang, Jiangchao Li, Lingyun Zheng, Lijing Wang, Cuiling Qi
Experimental Cell Research 2019 December 4, : 111756
Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most common cancers among women in both developed and developing countries with a rising incidence. Using the MMTV-PyMT transgenic mouse model, we found that R5, a neutralizing antibody to Robo1, significantly inhibited BC growth and metastasis. Angiogenesis is involved in the growth and metastasis of BC. Interestingly, R5 significantly decreases microvessel density in BC tissues, and inhibits blood vessel formation and development in in vivo chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM), yolk sac membrane (YSM) and Matrigel plug models. To investigate whether its anti-breast cancer efficacy is ascribed to its direct antiangiogenic properties, xenografted breast cancer model on CAM was established. Furthermore, R5 significantly reduces the tube formation of the vascular plexus on xenografted breast tumor on CAM. R5 also suppresses the migration and the tubular structure formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) by down-regulating the expression of filamin A (FLNA). These findings show that R5 has the potential to be a promising agent for the treatment of BC by suppressing the tumor-induced angiogenesis.

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