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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Guidelines for superficial venous thrombosis

Marcelo José de Almeida, Ana Terezinha Guillaumon, Daniel Miquelin, Edwaldo Edner Joviliano, Ludvig Hafner, Marcone Lima Sobreira, Martin Andreas Geiger, Regina Moura, Selma Raymundo, Winston Bonnetti Yoshida
Jornal vascular brasileiro 2019 November 20, 18: e20180105
31807127
Superficial venous thrombosis (SVT) or superficial thrombophlebitis is characterized by thrombi within superficial veins, with partial involvement or occlusion of the lumen and inflammatory reaction along the course of the vein. Clinical diagnosis tends to be straightforward, but supplementary tests and examinations are needed to confirm thrombosis extension and possible thromboembolic complications. SVT can be associated with deep venous thrombosis in 6 to 40% of cases, with asymptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) in 20 to 33%, and with symptomatic PE in 2 to 13%. Despite the morbidity and complications, there are currently no Brazilian guidelines for SVT. These guidelines cover the most important issues related to SVT definition, terminology, and etiology, and set out recommendations for diagnosis and treatment.

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