Celiac Disease

Amy S Oxentenko, Alberto Rubio-Tapia
Mayo Clinic Proceedings 2019, 94 (12): 2556-2571
Celiac disease (CD) affects approximately 1% of the general population, although most cases remain unrecognized. Because CD is a multisystem disorder with protean clinical manifestations, a high index of suspicion is needed to make an appropriate diagnosis. A diagnosis of CD is made in a patient who is genetically predisposed based on the presence of compatible clinical features, positive highly specific celiac serologic findings, duodenal biopsies that document enteropathy, and improvement with a gluten-free diet. The differential diagnoses for the clinical features and the histologic findings seen in patients with CD are numerous and need to be considered; because the management of celiac disease consists of a lifelong gluten-free diet, ensuring that the diagnosis is correctly established is of utmost importance. The aim of this review is to provide practicing clinicians with the most current information on the diagnosis and management of CD, including new developments and the approach to controversial issues.

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