OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Impact of Pre-exercise Hypohydration on Aerobic Exercise Performance, Peak Oxygen Consumption and Oxygen Consumption at Lactate Threshold: A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis

Thomas A Deshayes, David Jeker, Eric D B Goulet
Sports Medicine 2019 November 14
31728846

BACKGROUND: Progressive exercise-induced dehydration may impair aerobic exercise performance (AEP). However, no systematic approach has yet been used to determine how pre-exercise hypohydration, which imposes physiological challenges differing from those of a well-hydrated pre-exercise state, affects AEP and related components such as peak oxygen consumption [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] at lactate threshold [Formula: see text].

OBJECTIVE: To determine, using a systematic approach with meta-analysis, the magnitude of the effect of pre-exercise hypohydration on AEP, [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text].

DESIGN: This was a systematic review with meta-analysis of well-controlled studies.

DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL databases and cross-referencing. INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: (1) well-controlled human (≥ 18 years) studies; (2) pre-exercise hypohydration induced at least 1 h prior to exercise onset; (3) pre-exercise body mass loss in the hypohydrated, experimental condition was ≥ 1% and ≥ 0.5% than the well-hydrated, control condition; (4) following the dehydrating protocol body mass change in the control condition was within - 1% to + 0.5% of the well-hydrated body mass.

RESULTS: A total of 15 manuscripts were included, among which 14, 6 and 6 met the inclusion criteria for AEP, [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text], respectively, providing 21, 10 and 9 effect estimates, representing 186 subjects. Mean body mass decrease was 3.6 ± 1.0% (range 1.7-5.6%). Mean AEP test time among studies was 22.3 ± 13.5 min (range 4.5-54.4 min). Pre-exercise hypohydration impaired AEP by 2.4 ± 0.8% (95% CI 0.8-4.0%), relative to the control condition. Peak oxygen consumption and [Formula: see text], respectively, decreased by 2.4 ± 0.8% (95% CI 0.7-4.0%) and 4.4 ± 1.4% (95% CI 1.7-7.1%), relative to the control condition. Compared with starting an exercise hypohydrated, it is respectively likely, possible and likely that AEP, [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] benefit from a euhydrated state prior to exercise. Meta-regression analyses did not establish any significant relationship between differences in body mass loss and differences in the percent change in AEP or [Formula: see text]. However, [Formula: see text] was found to decrease by 2.6 ± 0.8 % (95% CI 0.7-4.5%) for each percent loss in body mass above a body mass loss threshold of 2.8%.

CONCLUSION: Pre-exercise hypohydration likely impairs AEP and likely reduces [Formula: see text] (i.e., the aerobic contribution to exercise was lower) during running and cycling exercises ≤ 1 h across different environmental conditions (i.e., from 19 to 40 °C). Moreover, pre-exercise hypohydration possibly impedes [Formula: see text] during such exercises.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
31728846
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"