Loss of PTPRJ/DEP-1 enhances NF2/Merlin-dependent meningioma development

Natalie Waldt, David Scharnetzki, Christoph Kesseler, Elmar Kirches, Nele Stroscher, Frank-D Böhmer, Christian Mawrin
Journal of the Neurological Sciences 2019 November 9, 408: 116553

INTRODUCTION: Meningiomas are common tumors in adults, which develop from the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord. Loss-of-function mutations or deletion of the NF2 gene, resulting in loss of the encoded Merlin protein, lead to Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), but also cause the formation of sporadic meningiomas. It was shown that inactivation of Nf2 in mice caused meningioma formation. Another meningioma tumor-suppressor candidate is the receptor-like density-enhanced phosphatase-1 (DEP-1), encoded by PTPRJ. Loss of DEP-1 enhances meningioma cell motility in vitro and invasive growth in an orthotopic xenograft model. Ptprj-deficient mice develop normally and do not show spontaneous tumorigenesis. Another genetic lesion may be required to interact with DEP-1 loss in meningioma genesis.

METHODS: In the present study we investigated in vitro and in vivo whether the losses of DEP-1 and Merlin/NF2 may have a combined effect.

RESULTS: Human meningioma cells deficient for DEP-1, Merlin/NF2 or both showed no statistically significant changes in cell proliferation, while DEP-1 or DEP1/NF2 deficiency led to moderately increased colony size in clonogenicity assays. In addition, the loss of any of the two genes was sufficient to induce a significant reduction of cell size (p < .05) and profound morphological changes. Most important, in Ptprj knockout mice Cre/lox mediated meningeal Nf2 knockout elicited a four-fold increased rate of meningioma formation within one year compared with mice with Ptprj wild type alleles (25% vs 6% tumor incidence).

CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that loss of DEP-1 and Merlin/NF2 synergize during meningioma genesis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"