OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Risk factors for periprosthetic joint infection after total knee arthroplasty

Juan F Blanco, Agustín Díaz, Francisco R Melchor, Carmen da Casa, David Pescador
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 2019 November 9
31707484

INTRODUCTION: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is the most serious and feared complication in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and can have catastrophic consequences. The number of total knee arthroplasties is increasing, so infections could also be greater in the future. The aim of this study is to identify the most relevant risk factors associated with infection after a total knee arthroplasty.

METHODS: This is a case-control study of patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty at the University Hospital of Salamanca. We included 66 TKA PJI patients and 66 control TKA patients. Demographic and clinical variables were collected. A descriptive and inferential analysis was performed by logistic regression and attributable risk fraction assessed.

RESULTS: Prolonged operative time (> 90') and tourniquet time (> 60') were the most relevant risk factors described (OR 40.77, AFE 0.97, p > 0.001 and OR 37.14, AFE 0.97, p < 0.001, respectively). The use of non-antibiotic-laded cement (OR 3.62), obesity (BMI > 30, OR 8.86), diabetes (OR 2.33), high ASA grade (III-IV, OR 15.30), and blood transfusion requirement (OR 4.60) were also statistically significant risk factors for TKA PJI.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides evidence concerning that operative time, tourniquet time, cement type, diabetes, obesity, ASA grade, and blood transfusion requirement as independently associated risk factors for TKA PJI. Modifiable risk factors were specifically relevant, so we should be able to reduce the infection rate.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
31707484
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"