OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Individualizing Therapy in Lupus Nephritis

Yu An, Haitao Zhang, Zhihong Liu
KI Reports 2019, 4 (10): 1366-1372
31701046
The ideal therapeutic approach for lupus nephritis (LN) is to quickly achieve a complete remission and maintain that response long-term while minimizing drug toxicity, and prevent tissue damage and death. The combination therapy consisting of multiple medications is aimed at incorporating drugs with complementary actions at reduced doses to achieve additive or synergistic therapeutic effects while minimizing toxicity. Here, we review the available evidence using combination therapies (triple therapy) and how such strategies can improve therapeutic efficacy in LN, which will mainly focus on the combination of high-dose corticosteroids with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) at low dose. We discuss the rationale, efficacy, and safety of the therapy, as well as its molecular mechanisms. We also discuss the questions raised from the trials and briefly describe emerging approaches developed on the basis of combination therapy, and these advances that promise to improve on the standard-of-care treatments and toward individual therapy in LN.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
31701046
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"