Sleep-related rhythmic movements and rhythmic movement disorder beyond early childhood

Iva Prihodova, Jelena Skibova, Sona Nevsimalova
Sleep Medicine 2019, 64: 112-115

INTRODUCTION: Sleep-related rhythmic movements (SRRMs) are common in young children and become less prevalent with increasing age. When SRRMs significantly interfere with sleep and/or affect daytime functioning, potentially resulting in injury, rhythmic movement disorder (SRRMD) is diagnosed.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess clinical comorbidities, types of SRRMs, sleep stage/wakefulness distribution during night, and age-dependence of these parameters.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In sum, 45 patients (age range 1-26 years, mean age 10.56 ± 6.4 years, 29 men) were clinically examined for SRRMs or SRRMD. Nocturnal polysomnography (PSG) was recorded in 38 patients. To evaluate clinical and sleep comorbidity, the cohort of 38 patients was divided according to age into four groups: (1) younger than 5 years (N = 7), (2) 5-9 years (N = 12), (3) 10-14 years (N = 11), and (4) ≥ 15 years (N = 8).

RESULTS: A clear relationship between perinatal risk factors and developmental disorders (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder - ADHD, specific learning disability) was found which extended population prevalence at least five times. A total of 62 recordings were evaluated in 38 patients; SRRMs were found in PSG in 31 of 38 patients (82%). No age-dependent correlation between type of SRRMs and sleep stage/wakefulness distribution during the night was observed. However, when all recordings were correlated together, rolling stereotypes occurred more frequently in REM sleep, and rocking stereotypes in superficial NREM sleep.

CONCLUSION: Developmental disorders and perinatal risk factors were connected with SRRMs and SRRMD in children and young adults. Rolling movements were significantly associated with REM stage and rocking stereotypes with superficial NREM sleep, independent of age.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"