JOURNAL ARTICLE

Rate and Predictors of Bacteremia in Afebrile Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Christina Forstner, Vladimir Patchev, Gernot Rohde, Jan Rupp, Martin Witzenrath, Tobias Welte, Heinz Burgmann, Mathias W Pletz
Chest 2020, 157 (3): 529-539
31669433

BACKGROUND: Although blood cultures (BCs) are the "gold standard" for detecting bacteremia, the utility of BCs in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is controversial. This study describes the proportion of patients with CAP and afebrile bacteremia and identifies the clinical characteristics predicting the necessity for BCs in patients who are afebrile.

METHODS: Bacteremia rates were determined in 4,349 patients with CAP enrolled in the multinational cohort study The Competence Network of Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAPNETZ) and stratified by presence of fever at first patient contact. Independent predictors of bacteremia in patients who were afebrile were determined using logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS: Bacteremic pneumonia was present in 190 of 2,116 patients who were febrile (8.9%), 101 of 2,149 patients who were afebrile (4.7%), and one of 23 patients with hypothermia (4.3%). Bacteremia rates increased with the CURB-65 score from 3.5% in patients with CURB-65 score of 0 to 17.1% in patients with CURB-65 score of 4. Patients with afebrile bacteremia exhibited the highest 28-day mortality rate (9.9%). Positive pneumococcal urinary antigen test (adjusted OR [AOR], 4.6; 95% CI, 2.6-8.2), C-reactive protein level > 200 mg/L (AOR, 3.1; 95% CI, 1.9-5.2), and BUN level ≥ 30 mg/dL (AOR, 3.1; 95% CI, 1.9-5.3) were independent positive predictors, and antibiotic pretreatment (AOR, 0.3; 95% CI, 0.1-0.6) was an independent negative predictor of bacteremia in patients who were afebrile.

CONCLUSIONS: A relevant proportion of patients with bacteremic CAP was afebrile. These patients had an increased mortality rate compared with patients with febrile bacteremia or nonbacteremic pneumonia. Therefore, the relevance of fever as an indicator for BC necessity merits reconsideration.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
31669433
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.