Portable microfluidic biosensing system for real-time analysis of microdialysate in transplant kidneys

Isabelle C Samper, Sally A N Gowers, Marsilea Adela Booth, Chu Wang, Thomas Watts, Tonghathai Phairatana, Natalie Vallant, Bynvant Sandhu, Vassilios Papalois, Martyn G Boutelle
Analytical Chemistry 2019 October 24
Currently, there is a severe shortage of donor kidneys that are fit for transplantation, due in part to a lack of adequate viability assessment tools for transplant organs. This work presents the integration of a novel wireless two-channel amperometric potentiostat with micronee-dle-based glucose and lactate biosensors housed in a 3D printed chip to create a microfluidic biosensing system that is genuinely portable. The wireless potentiostat transmits data via Bluetooth to an Android app running on a tablet. The whole miniaturized system is fully en-closed and can be integrated with microdialysis to allow continuous monitoring of tissue metabolite levels in real time. We have also developed a wireless portable automated calibration platform so that biosensors can be calibrated away from the laboratory and in transit. As a proof of concept, we have demonstrated the use of this portable analysis system to monitor porcine kidneys for the first time from organ retrieval, through warm ischemia, transportation on ice, right through to cold preservation and reperfusion. The portable system is robust and reliable in the challenging conditions of the abattoir and during kidney transportation, and can detect clear physiological changes in the organ associated with clinical interventions.

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