Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Decitabine Compared With Conventional Regimens in Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia: A Meta-Analysis.

BACKGROUND: The incidence of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) increases with age. The overall prognosis remains poor for older patients. Studies on the efficacy of decitabine, an epigenetic agent, in older patients with AML have reported conflicting results.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this meta-analysis, we performed a literature search and collected 38 studies (including 3298 patients with AML) to evaluate the role of decitabine in elderly patients with AML. We used complete response (CR) or overall response (OR) rate as indicators of effectiveness.

RESULTS: Patients treated with decitabine have a higher CR/OR rate than those treated with low-dose cytarabine (CR, 2.60; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.64-4.14; OR, 4.88; 95% CI, 1.98-12.04) or CAG/HAG (low-dose epirubicin and cytarabine with granulocyte stimulating factor/low-dose homoharringtonine and cytarabine with granulocyte stimulating factor) regimens (CR, 2.53; 95% CI, 1.98-3.23; OR, 2.89; 95% CI, 2.24-3.73). However, patients treated with decitabine had a CR rate equivalent to those treated with intensive chemotherapy (CR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.28-1.22; P = .15). Use of decitabine in combination with other regimens resulted in a higher CR/OR rate than did use of decitabine alone (P < .001); there was no significant difference in infection rates and early death rates (P > .05).

CONCLUSION: The findings presented in this article show that decitabine is effective and safe for the treatment of older patients with AML.

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