Utilization of Surgery for Post-Prostatectomy Incontinence

Marc Nelson, Ryan Dornbier, Eric Kirshenbaum, Emanuel Eguia, Patrick Sweigert, Marshall Baker, Ahmer Farooq, Kevin T McVary, Chris M Gonzalez, Gopal Gupta, Larissa Bresler
Journal of Urology 2019 October 23, : 101097JU0000000000000618

PURPOSE: Stress urinary incontinence following radical prostatectomy is common and potentially debilitating. Surgical therapy with a urethral sling or an artificial urinary sphincter is an effective option with high patient satisfaction in men in whom conservative measures fail to treat post-prostatectomy incontinence. We sought to characterize the contemporary utilization of surgical therapy of post-prostatectomy incontinence using an all payer database.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the HCUP (Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project) databases for Florida from 2006 to 2015 and identified men who underwent radical prostatectomy between 2006 and 2012 using ICD procedure codes. Patients were tracked longitudinally for placement of an ambulatory or inpatient urethral sling, or an artificial urinary sphincter between 2006 and 2015. Patient and clinical data were extracted and analyzed with descriptive statistics. A multivariable logistic regression model was constructed to determine risk adjusted predictors of subsequent incontinence surgery.

RESULTS: During the study period 29,287 men underwent radical prostatectomy, of whom 1,068 (3.6%) were treated with subsequent incontinence surgery a median of 23.5 months after prostatectomy. On multivariate analysis risk factors for incontinence surgery included age groups 61 to 70 years (OR 1.25, p=0.008) and 71 to 80 years (OR 1.34, p=0.022), Medicare insurance (OR 1.33, p <0.005) and an increased CCI (Charlson Comorbidity Index) (OR 1.13 per unit increase, p <0.005).

CONCLUSIONS: Of patients who underwent radical prostatectomy 3.6% subsequently underwent stress urinary incontinence surgery. Post-prostatectomy incontinence surgery is likely under performed and delayed in performance based on the previously reported prevalence of severe post-prostatectomy incontinence and the natural history of symptoms. Efforts to increase prompt repair of refractory or severe incontinence can greatly improve patient quality of life after radical prostatectomy.

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