Subgroup analysis of Japanese patients in a Phase 3 study of atezolizumab in advanced triple-negative breast cancer (IMpassion130)

Hiroji Iwata, Kenichi Inoue, Koji Kaneko, Yoshinori Ito, Koichiro Tsugawa, Ayumi Hasegawa, Shintaro Nakagawa, Hiroyasu Kuratomi, Kenji Tamura
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 2019 December 27, 49 (12): 1083-1091

BACKGROUND: In the randomised Phase 3 IMpassion130 trial, atezolizumab combined with nab-paclitaxel (atezo + nab-P) in 902 patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) showed prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) in both the intention-to-treat (ITT) population and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive subgroup compared with placebo plus nab-P (plac + nab-P). This study assessed the efficacy and safety of atezo + nab-P in the IMpassion130 Japanese subpopulation.

METHODS: Eligible patients had unresectable locally advanced or metastatic TNBC previously untreated with chemotherapy for metastatic disease. Patients were randomised 1:1 to receive either atezo + nab-P or plac + nab-P. Co-primary endpoints were investigator-assessed PFS and overall survival (ITT population and PD-L1-positive subgroup). These were also assessed in the Japanese subpopulation.

RESULTS: There were 65 Japanese patients (34 atezo + nab-P; 31 plac + nab-P). The PD-L1-positive subgroup included 25 patients (12 atezo + nab-P; 13 plac + nab-P). Median PFS was 7.4 months (atezo + nab-P) versus 4.6 months (plac + nab-P; hazard ratio [HR], 0.47; 95% CI, 0.25-0.90). In the PD-L1-positive subgroup, median PFS was 10.8 months (atezo + nab-P) versus 3.8 months (plac + nab-P; HR, 0.04; 95% CI, <0.01-0.35). Safety results in the Japanese subgroup were consistent with those in the overall population. The Japanese subgroup had a lower incidence of adverse events leading to treatment withdrawal than the overall population. More patients in the atezo + nab-P arm had neutrophil count decreases and stomatitis than patients in the plac + nab-P arm.

CONCLUSIONS: Atezo + nab-P efficacy in Japanese patients was consistent with the overall IMpassion130 population. No new safety signals were observed, and tolerability was consistent with that of the overall population.


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