Usefulness of Simplified Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index Score for Identification of Patients With Low-Risk Pulmonary Embolism and Active Cancer: From the COMMAND VTE Registry

Yugo Yamashita, Takeshi Morimoto, Hidewo Amano, Toru Takase, Seiichi Hiramori, Kitae Kim, Maki Oi, Masaharu Akao, Yohei Kobayashi, Mamoru Toyofuku, Toshiaki Izumi, Tomohisa Tada, Po-Min Chen, Koichiro Murata, Yoshiaki Tsuyuki, Yuji Nishimoto, Syunsuke Saga, Tomoki Sasa, Jiro Sakamoto, Minako Kinoshita, Kiyonori Togi, Hiroshi Mabuchi, Kensuke Takabayashi, Yusuke Yoshikawa, Hiroki Shiomi, Takao Kato, Takeru Makiyama, Koh Ono, Takeshi Kimura
Chest 2019 October 9

BACKGROUND: The simplified Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (sPESI) score is a practical score for identification of patients with low-risk pulmonary embolism (PE), although it has not been applied in patients with active cancer. The current study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of the sPESI score in patients with PE and active cancer.

METHODS: The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling consecutive patients with acute symptomatic VTE. The current study population consisted of 368 patients with PE and active cancer. The 30-day clinical outcomes were compared between patients with sPESI score = 1 and patients with sPESI scores ≥ 2.

RESULTS: Overall, 37 patients (10%) died during the 30 days after diagnosis. The cumulative 30-day incidences of mortality, and PE-related death, were lower in patients with sPESI score = 1 than in patients with sPESI scores ≥ 2 (6.3% vs 13.1%; log-rank P = .03; and 0.7% vs 3.9%; log-rank P = .046). Among patients with sPESI score = 1, the predominant cause of death was cancer. There were no significant differences in the cumulative 30-day incidence of recurrent VTE and major bleeding between the two groups (3.9% vs 5.6%; log-rank P = .46; and 6.4% vs 4.5%; log-rank P = .45).

CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with PE and active cancer, patients with sPESI score = 1 had a lower 30-day mortality rate compared with patients with sPESI scores ≥ 2, and they showed very low PE-related mortality risk, although the overall mortality rate remained high because of cancer-related mortality. They also showed relatively high risks for recurrence and major bleeding, suggesting the need for careful follow-up.

TRIAL REGISTRY: UMIN Clinical Trials Registry; No.: UMIN000021132; URL:

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