JOURNAL ARTICLE

Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Differentiate the Histology of Testicular Masses: A Systematic Review of Studies With Pathologic Confirmation

Hiten D Patel, Margarita Ramos, Mohit Gupta, Joseph G Cheaib, Ritu Sharma, Allen Zhang, Eric B Bass, Phillip M Pierorazio
Urology 2020, 135: 4-10
31585196
Ultrasound is the imaging modality of choice to evaluate scrotal pathology. However, differentiating malignant and benign testicular tumors is not always possible, and there is interest in evaluating magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a potential adjunct for diagnosis. We conducted a systematic review and found 9 studies related to MRI diagnosis of testicular masses. A total of 220 testicular masses (217 patients) undergoing MRI were identified. Notable findings include malignant masses having a lower apparent diffusion coefficient compared to benign masses (3 of 4 studies) and that quantitative enhancement patterns could differentiate Leydig cell tumors from germ cell tumors in 2 studies. While there were some distinct qualitative characterizations of testicular masses on MRI, further research is needed to identify appropriate clinical contexts for use.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
31585196
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.