The effect of midazolam as premedication on the quality of postoperative recovery after laparotomy: a randomized clinical trial

Stefan van Beek, Jeroen Kroon, Koen Rijs, Hendrik-Jan Mijderwijk, Markus Klimek, Robert J Stolker
Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie 2020, 67 (1): 32-41

PURPOSE: Despite the uncertain effects of anxiolytic premedication with benzodiazepines on the quality of postoperative recovery, perioperative benzodiazepine administration is still a common practice in many hospitals. We evaluated the effect of premedication with midazolam on the quality of recovery in hospitalized patients undergoing a laparotomy.

METHODS: We conducted a single-centre randomized placebo-controlled, double-blinded clinical trial from July 2014 to September 2015. We included 192 patients aged > 18 yr scheduled for elective laparotomy with a planned postoperative stay of ≥ three days. Participants were randomized into two groups to receive either midazolam 3 mg or sodium chloride 0.9% intravenously as premedication prior to surgery. Patients were followed up for up to one week after surgery. The primary outcome was the Quality of Recovery-40 (QoR-40) score on postoperative day (POD) 3. The secondary outcomes included the QoR-40 score on POD 7, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, State-Trait Anger Scale, Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale scores.

RESULTS: The mean (standard deviation) postoperative QoR-40 scores on POD 3 were not significantly different in the midazolam group compared with controls [166.4 (17.0) vs 163.9 (19.8), respectively; mean difference, 2.3; 95% confidence interval, - 2.9 to 8.4; P = 0.35]. There were no between-group differences in any of the secondary outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS: Administration of midazolam as premedication for laparotomy patients did not improve the quality of recovery up to one week after surgery. General prescription of midazolam as premedication can be questioned and might only suit some patients.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: (NCT01993459); registered 29 October, 2013.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.


Sort by: Most RecentHighest Rated

Joelle McBain

3 mg of Midazolam is a LOT in the average patient! Also, given that the elimination half-life of Midazolam is 2 hours, I think your primary outcome assessed on POD3 is unrealistic. This is a short acting drug for a short term benefit.


Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"