JOURNAL ARTICLE

1,25(OH) 2 D 3 attenuates indoxyl sulfate-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal cell transition via inactivation of PI3K/Akt/β-catenin signaling in renal tubular epithelial cells

Li-Chien Chang, Hai-Lun Sun, Chia-Han Tsai, Chia-Wen Kuo, Kai-Li Liu, Chong-Kuei Lii, Chin-Shiu Huang, Chien-Chun Li
Nutrition 2020, 69: 110554
31536856

OBJECTIVES: Indoxyl sulfate (IS), a uremic toxin, has been shown to promote the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human proximal tubular cells and to accelerate the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Despite the well-known protective role of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2 D3 ] in EMT, the effect of 1,25(OH)2 D3 on IS-induced EMT in human proximal tubular epithelial cells and the underlying mechanism remain unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether IS (0-1 mM) dose-dependently inhibited the protein expression of E-cadherin and increased the protein expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin, N-cadherin, and fibronectin.

METHODS: This study investigated the molecular mechanism by which 1,25(OH)2 D3 attenuates IS-induced EMT. HK-2 human renal tubular epithelial cells was used as the study model, and the MTT assay, Western Blotting, siRNA knockdown technique were used to explore the effects of 1,25(OH)2 D3 on EMT in the presence of IS.

RESULTS: Pretreatment with 1,25(OH)2 D3 inhibited the IS-induced EMT-associated protein expression in HK-2 cells. IS induced the phosphorylation of Akt (S473) and β-catenin (S552) and subsequently increased the nuclear accumulation of β-catenin. Pretreatment with 1,25(OH)2 D3 and LY294002 (phosphoinositide 3-kinase [PIK3] inhibitor) significantly inhibited the IS-induced phosphorylation of Akt and β-catenin, nuclear β-catenin accumulation, and EMT-associated protein expression.

CONCLUSIONS: Results from the present study revealed that the anti-EMT effect of 1,25(OH)2 D3 is likely through inhibition of the PI3K/Akt/β-catenin pathway, which leads to down-regulation of IS-driven EMT-associated protein expression in HK-2 human renal tubular epithelial cells.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
31536856
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"