JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

Diagnostic Yield of Rescreening Adults for Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformations

Waleed Brinjikji, Giuseppe A Latino, Ahmad Parvinian, Andreanne Gauthier, Rose Pantalone, Vitor Yamaki, Dinesh R Apala, Vikram Prabhudesai, Véronique Cyr, Carl Chartrand-Lefèbvre, Vivek Iyer, Marie E Faughnan
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR 2019, 30 (12): 1982-1987
31530490

PURPOSE: To determine the yield of rescreening adult hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) patients with initial negative screening CT for pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a definite diagnosis of HHT were identified in the University of Toronto, Université de Montréal, and Mayo Clinic HHT databases. Inclusion criteria were: (i) definite diagnosis of HHT; (ii) initial negative PAVM screening based on bubble echocardiography and/or chest CT; and (iii) minimum 2-year imaging follow-up. A positive rescreen was defined as a newly detected PAVM on follow-up CT. Frequency of new PAVMs was calculated at 3 ± 1 years, 5 ± 1 years, 7-9 years, and ≥10 years. The primary endpoint was the rate of new PAVMs at 5 ± 1 years.

RESULTS: One hundred seventy-two patients (mean age, 49.6 ± 16.7 years; 59% female) were followed for a median of 7 years. Nine patients (5.2%) had newly detected PAVMs. At the 3-, 5-, 7-, and ≥10-year time points, the cumulative rate of newly detected PAVMs was 1.8% (3/166), 5.0% (7/140), 8.8% (8/91), and 13.8% (9/65), respectively. Median feeding artery diameter was 1.3 mm. One patient had a feeding artery larger than 3 mm discovered after 6 years and was treated with embolization. The overall rate of newly detected PAVMs was 0.7%/patient-year.

CONCLUSIONS: There is a definite but low rate of newly detected PAVMs in HHT patients with initial negative screening studies. No new treatable PAVMs were identified at the 5-year mark, although 1 treatable case was identified after 6 years. These findings suggest that a longer screening interval may be warranted.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
31530490
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.