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Predictive risk factors of early onset left ventricular aneurysm formation in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) is a severe complication of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and is associated with poor prognosis due to high mortality. However, predictors of LVA formation in early period are inadequately defined.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine potential predictors of LVA formation in early period (<15 days after admission) after acute STEMI.

METHODS: The present study was retrospectively conducted involving 1823 STEMI patients based on the AMI database of our clinic between January 2013 and April 2019. Among STEMI patients with regional wall motion abnormality (RWMA), the baseline, angiographic, procedural characteristics of patients with early-onset LVA and controls without LVA were compared. The controls were matched 2:1 with LVA cases for the admission date. Patients with prior myocardial infarction, non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, severe heart valve disease, and patients without coronary angiography were excluded. The odds ratio (OR) and confidence interval (CI) were obtained by logistic regression analysis and all statistical analysis were performed by SPSS 25.0.

RESULTS: Among 1823 STEMI patients who underwent coronary angiography, 103 eligible patients (median age 67 years) had LVA and were compared to 206 patients without LVA (median age 60 years). In multivariate analysis, RWMA in the left ventricular anterior wall (OR 13.17, 95%CI 2.21-78.57, p=0.005) was found to be the most striking predictor of LVA, followed by RWMA in the apex (OR 7.93, 95%CI 2.22-28.30, p=0.001). Female sex (OR 3.91, 95%CI 1.54-9.93, p=0.004), peak N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP,OR 1.08, 95%CI 1.01-1.16, p=0.031), time between onset of pain and balloon time (OR 1.01, 95%CI 1.00-1.01, P=0.016), and presence of QS-waves on initial electrocardiogram (OR 3.06, 95%CI 1.49-6.27, P=0.016) were independently associated with LVA formation.

CONCLUSION: This study indicated that female sex, peak NT-pro BNP, the time between the onset of pain and balloon time, presence of QS-waves on initial electrocardiogram, RWMA of left ventricular anterior wall and apex were the independent predictors of early-onset LVA in patients with acute STEMI.

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