Healing at Molar Extraction Sites Using Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft and Collagen Wound Dressing: Case Series and Three-Arm Analyses

Shaimaa M Al Harthi, Thomas J Prihoda, Brian L Mealey, David J Lasho, Marcel Noujeim, Guy Huynh-Ba
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants 2019, 34 (5): 1202-1212

PURPOSE: Ridge preservation limits dimensional changes after tooth extraction. However, it is still unclear if using a membrane may be advantageous over a collagen wound dressing. Therefore, the goal of this report was to evaluate the outcomes of ridge preservation using freeze-dried bone allograft with a collagen wound dressing.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 21 patients who had one molar extracted, and the site received ridge preservation using freeze-dried bone allograft and a collagen wound dressing (test 2 group). Patients had two standardized cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans, taken within 72 hours and 3 months after extraction, to measure changes in ridge height and width, and buccal and lingual plate thicknesses. Changes in keratinized tissue width were recorded. Three-arm analyses were performed using historic data from a previous randomized controlled trial by the same study group, in which 20 molar sites received a collagen wound dressing alone (control) and 20 received ridge preservation with freeze-dried bone allograft and a dense polytetrafluoroethylene membrane (test 1) using the same methodology.

RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference in mean buccal ridge height changes between the control group (2.6 ± 2.06 mm) and test 2 group (1.55 ± 0.93 mm) but no difference in ridge and keratinized tissue width changes between groups. No correlation was found between buccal plate thickness and ridge width change.

CONCLUSION: Freeze-dried bone allograft with collagen wound dressing as a barrier was used successfully for ridge preservation in intact molar extraction sites (< 50% bone loss) and can be considered as a treatment alternative to freeze-dried bone allograft with a dense polytetrafluoroethylene membrane.

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