A Clinico-Epidemiological Study of Scalp Hair Loss in Children (0-18 Years) in Kota Region, South-East Rajasthan

Manoj Kumar Sharma, Savera Gupta, Ramesh Kumar, Anil Kumar Singhal, Suresh Kumar Jain, Mukul Sharma
Indian Journal of Dermatology 2019, 64 (4): 285-291

Background: Currently, the studies related to hair loss in children showed the variable prevalence of different clinical patterns and causes of scalp hair loss, that had regional variation.

Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the epidemiology and clinical pattern of scalp hair loss in children (0-18 years age group).

Materials and Methods: A total of 300 children presenting with scalp hair loss were studied during a period of 1 year from April 2015 to March 2016. The results were recorded and analyzed.

Results: The most common disorder found in this study was tinea capitis seen in 166 (55.33%) cases followed by alopecia areata, seborrheic dermatitis, pediculosis with secondary infection. Other uncommon causes were lichen planopilaris, tractional alopecia, telogen effluvium, nevus sebaceous, occipital neonatal alopecia, ectodermal dysplasia, scalp psoriasis, trichotillomania, and alopecia due to nutritional deficiency. Several other rare causes were identified in this study.

Conclusion: This study showed that hair loss in children in our region is not an uncommon problem and results from a variety of causes. Early diagnosis and treatment are needed to prevent further hair loss and to avoid irreversible hair loss and scarring alopecia. As has been observed in this study, hair problem may be due to important nutritional deficiency. We should be aware of such presentation. These may be a clue to the diagnosis of systemic illness.

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