Optimizing the Early Resuscitation After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Peter M Reardon, Michael Hickey, Shane W English, Benjamin Hibbert, Trevor Simard, Ariel Hendin, Krishan Yadav
Journal of Intensive Care Medicine 2019 September 5, : 885066619873318
Resuscitation after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest can be one of the most challenging scenarios in acute-care medicine. The devastating effects of postcardiac arrest syndrome carry a substantial morbidity and mortality that persist long after return of spontaneous circulation. Management of these patients requires the clinician to simultaneously address multiple emergent priorities including the resuscitation of the patient and the efficient diagnosis and management of the underlying etiology. This review provides a concise evidence-based overview of the core concepts involved in the early postcardiac arrest resuscitation. It will highlight the components of an effective management strategy including addressing hemodynamic, oxygenation, and ventilation goals as well as carefully considering cardiac catheterization and targeted temperature management. An organized approach is paramount to providing effective care to patients in this vulnerable time period.

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