Effects of cholinergic and anticholinergic drugs on ketamine-induced linguopharyngeal motor activity

L A Marco, R S Joshi, C Brown, L D Aldes, R B Chronister
Psychopharmacology 1988, 96 (4): 484-6
Benztropine mesylate (Cogentin) and physostigmine salicylate (Antilirium), were tested for changes in tongue protrusions, retrusions, and swallowing acts in rats anesthetized with a 100 mg/kg IM injection of ketamine hydrochloride. These ketamine-induced linguopharyngeal events were monitored by means of a force displacement transducer fed onto a polygraph. Benztropine (0.05-1 mg/kg) caused mild to moderate reductions in the rate of these events for a short period of time, up to about 30 min. With physostigmine (5-25 micrograms/kg), linguopharyngeal activity was markedly increased, up to 50-fold by the highest dose within 5 min and returned almost to the baseline within 60 min. With lower doses, more moderate responses were obtained. If methscopolamine (1.4, 3, 6 mg/kg IM) preceded physostigmine, the physostigmine enhancement was preserved.

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