Daratumumab for Relapsed or Refractory AL Amyloidosis with high Plasma Cell Burden

Rahel Schwotzer, Markus Gabriel Manz, Stefanie Pederiva, Christine Waibel, Clemens Caspar, Erika Lerch, Andreas Flammer, Sofie Brouwers, Harald Seeger, Raphael Heimgartner, Thomas Fehr, Davide Rossi, Elena Bianchi, Georg Stussi, Guido Ghilardi, Bernhard Gerber
Hematological Oncology 2019 September 5
Daratumumab, an anti-CD38 antibody, is effective in AL amyloidosis with low tumor burden. Data of daratumumab treatment in patients with AL amyloidosis but high tumor burden (≥ 10% bone marrow plasma cells) is limited. We report retrospective data of ten consecutive patients with high tumor burden treated with daratumumab for relapsed/refractory AL amyloidosis. The median age at diagnosis was 62.3 years, all patients had cardiac involvement, and six (60%) patients had renal involvement. Median bone marrow plasma cell infiltration was 15% (range 10%-40%), and the median difference between involved and non-involved free light-chains (dFLC) was 446 mg/L (range 102-1392 mg/L). Patients had a median of three prior lines of therapy, including bortezomib in all patients, and lenalidomide in seven (70%) patients. The median time to first hematological response was 14 days (range 7-28 days), and the median time to best hematological response was 64 days (range 7-301 days). The hematological overall response was 90%, with high-quality response (≥ very good partial remission (VGPR)) in 70% of the patients. Fifty percent of the patients had a cardiac response after a median of 3.8 months (range 0.7 - 9.1). Infusion-related adverse events ≤ grade 2 occurred in seven (70%) patients, and grade 3 adverse events in one patient. After a median follow-up time of 10 months 8 (80%) patients continued to receive daratumumab. We conclude that daratumumab is a very effective and safe treatment option in AL patients with relapsed/refractory disease, and high disease burden at diagnosis. Daratumumab leads to rapid disease control, and improvement of organ function.


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