Repeat stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for salvage of isolated local recurrence after definitive lung SBRT

William R Kennedy, Prashant Gabani, John Nikitas, Clifford G Robinson, Jeffrey D Bradley, Michael C Roach
Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2019 August 31

PURPOSE: Optimal management of isolated local recurrences after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for early non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is unknown and literature describing repeat SBRT for in-field recurrences after initial SBRT are sparse. We investigate the safety and efficacy of salvage SBRT for isolated local failures after initial SBRT for NSCLC.

METHODS/MATERIALS: Patients receiving SBRT for isolated local recurrence after initial SBRT for early NSCLC were identified using a prospective registry. Both courses were 3-5 fractions with a biologically effective dose (BED10) of ≥100 Gy. Local failure was defined as within 1 cm of the initial planning target volume (PTV) or an overlap of the ≥25% isodose lines of the first and second treatments. Failures >1 cm beyond the PTV and without ≥25% overlap, or with additional recurrence sites were excluded. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate survival.

RESULTS: A total 21 patients receiving salvage SBRT from 2008 to 2017 were identified. Median interval from initial SBRT to salvage SBRT was 23 months (7-52). Six patients (29%) had central tumors. Median follow-up time from salvage SBRT was 24 months (3-60). Median overall survival after salvage was 39 months. After reirradiation, two-year primary tumor control was 81%, regional nodal control was 89%, distant control was 75% and overall survival was 68%. Grade 2 pneumonitis occurred in 2 patients (10%) and grade 2 chest wall toxicity in 4 patients (19%). No grade 3+ toxicity was observed.

CONCLUSIONS: Salvage SBRT for isolated local failures after initial SBRT appears safe, with low treatment-related toxicity and encouraging rates of tumor control.


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