EFSUMB Gastrointestinal Ultrasound (GIUS) Task Force Group: Celiac sprue and other rare gastrointestinal diseases ultrasound features

Christoph F Dietrich, Alois Hollerweger, Klaus Dirks, Antony Higginson, Carla Serra, Emma Calabrese, Yi Dong, Trygve Hausken, Giovanni Maconi, Ismail Mihmanli, Dieter Nürnberg, Kim Nylund, Nadia Pallotta, Tomás Ripollés, Laura Romanini, Adrian Săftoiu, Ioan Sporea, Matthias Wüstner, Christian Maaser, Odd Helge Gilja
Medical Ultrasonography 2019 August 31, 21 (3): 299-315
Transabdominal gastrointestinal ultrasound (GIUS) is unique in its capacity to examine the bowel non-invasively and in its physiological condition, including extra-intestinal features such as the splanchnic vessels, mesentery, omentum and lymph nodes- even at the bedside. Despite this, and its extensive documentation for its usefulness, it has only been fully implemented in a few European countries and expert centres. Therefore, the European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB) established a GIUS Task Force Group in 2014 consisting of international experts from 9 European countries with the objectives to standardize and promote the use of GIUS in a clinical setting. This is achieved by publishing clinical guidelines and recommendations on indications and use of GIUS and so far,4 guidelines have been published: first on "examination techniques and normal findings", second on "inflammatory bowel disease", third on "acute appendicitis and diverticulitis" and fourth on "transrectal and perineal ultrasound".This paper describes the ultrasound features of miscellaneous disorders such as celiac disease, cystic fibrosis, omental infarction, Meckel's diverticle, endometriosis, intestinal neoplasia, mucocele, amyloidosis, GVHD, foreign bodies, vasculitis, and pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis. Bowel ultrasound can be indicated in most of these conditions to investigate intestinal symptoms but in other cases the alterations of the bowel can be also an incidental finding that suggest other examinations which finally help to discover an unknown pathological condition.

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