Tau-TCHF Inhibits Spleenic Apoptosis via PI3K-Akt Signaling Pathway in Chickens

Limei Han, Jingyi Yang, Lei Jing, Ge Li, Longfei Li, Minghui Ji, Xianjia Wu, Chunli Zhang
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 2019, 1155: 555-563
Taurine plays an important role in improving immunity, regulating cell proliferation and differentiation, apoptosis and so on. Traditional Chinese herb formula (TCHF) is a wealth of medicine materials for diseases control. There are many studies on Chinese herb formula in inducing cell apoptosis, differentiation and improving animal immunity. The factors in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Protein Kinase (PI3K-Akt) signaling pathway are central regulators of normal cells, which integrates extra-cellular signals into cells and activates affects cell activities including cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. We find the key factors (PIK3CA, PDPK1, AKT1, MDM2, ITGA2B, ITGB1, FAK and p53) in PI3K-Akt signaling pathway by RNA-Seq analysis in our previous research. The overall goal of this study to investigate the influence of taurine TCHF (Tau-TCHF) on cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis by estimating the factors above. The layers were fed with normal diet plus 1% of Tau-TCHF and the control group with normal diet to 42 days old. The spleen tissue samples from individual layers were used to analyze the influence of Tau-TCHF on the factors PIK3CA, PDPK1, AKT1, MDM2, ITGA2B, ITGB1, FAK and p53 in PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. The levels of transcription and protein expression of various factors were assessed by quantitative PCR (qPCR) and Western Blot. The results showed that the transcription levels of itgb1, fak, pik3ca, akt1 and mdm2 on 42-day-old chicken spleen tissues were increased significantly in Tau-TCHF group comparing with control group (P < 0.01); the transcription levels of itga2b, pdpk1 and p53 were no significant difference (P > 0.05). The protein levels of PDPK1 and AKT (Ser437) were increased significantly (P < 0.05), but ITGA2B, ITGB1, FAK, PIK3CA, AKT1, MDM2 and p53 had no significant difference (P > 0.05). The results suggest that Tau-TCHF may influence proliferation and differentiation of chickens spleen via regulating PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. And Tau-TCHF may be provided as feed additives in improving the immunity of animals. AKT (Ser473) and PDPK1 may be considered as further targets to study mechanism of Tau-TCHF on anti-apoptosis via PI3K-Akt signaling pathway.

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