Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Preventative interventions, protocols or guidelines for trauma patients at risk of cervical collar-related pressure ulcers: a scoping review.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this scoping review was to explore the existing literature related to preventative interventions, protocols or guidelines for trauma patients at risk of cervical collar-related pressure ulcers to examine and conceptually map the evidence, and to identify any gaps in the literature.

INTRODUCTION: Cervical collars are necessary to stabilize cervical spine injuries in trauma patients; however, pressure ulcers are a major complication of prolonged cervical collar use. The longer a patient wears a cervical collar, the more likely the patient will develop a pressure ulcer that will worsen as wear time increases.

INCLUSION CRITERIA: This review considered both experimental and quasi-experimental study designs, analytical observational studies, case-control studies, analytical cross-sectional studies, descriptive observational studies, qualitative studies, and text and opinion papers. Trauma patients of all ages who presented to the emergency department or intensive care unit with an extrication or field collar in place were included in this study. Extrication collars included but were not limited to Stifneck, Philadelphia and Miami J.

METHODS: The JBI scoping review methodology was used for this review. The database searches included MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, NHS Research Register, National Institute of Health Clinical Trial Databases, Cochrane Database of Sytematic Reviews, MedNar, WorldWideScience, PsycEXTRA, OAIster, OpenGrey, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. The data were extracted using a charting table, which was developed to record key information from sources relevant to the review questions. The findings were descriptively presented, with tables and figures to support the data, when appropriate. Only studies in English from 1965 to December 2018 were included.

RESULTS: Preventative interventions found in the seven studies included in the review were: removal of the extrication collar, cervical spine clearance, nursing education, routine nursing care, use of products such as air mattresses, and a multidisciplinary approach to care. Additionally, six of the seven studies identified 28 risk factors associated with the development of cervical collar-related pressure ulcers. Two studies reported elimination of cervical collar-related pressure ulcers while three studies reported reduced incidence in cervical collar-related pressure ulcers. Another study reported a reduction in cervical collar wear time from 14 days to 7.7 days.

CONCLUSIONS: Protocols with a multidisciplinary approach are available in the literature to serve as guidance for proper treatment and care of trauma patients' wearing of cervical collars. Standardized cervical collar protocols should highlight the importance of early identification of trauma patients who may be at risk. Risk factors identified in this review should be assessed and addressed to halt cervical collar-related pressure ulcers from ever developing in trauma patients who are immediately identified as at risk. Preventative interventions identified in the protocols in this scoping review can be used to create a standardized approach to care for patients in cervical collars.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app