JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Contemporary Characterization of Injury Patterns, Initial Management, and Disparities in Treatment of Facial Fractures Using the National Trauma Data Bank.

BACKGROUND: Contemporary description of facial fracture patterns and factors associated with early operative intervention at trauma centers is lacking. The purpose of this study was to characterize injuries and initial treatment patterns of patients suffering from facial fractures.

METHODS: Using the National Trauma Databank from 2007 to 2015, patients suffering from facial fractures were included. Demographics, injury characteristics, and outcomes including operative interventions were assessed.

RESULTS: Over 9 years, 626,270 patients were included: 74.5% were male, 39.0% suffered traumatic brain injury (TBI), and 23.3% severe noncraniofacial injuries (chest, abdomen, and/or extremity Abbreviated Injury Score ≥3). A total of 537,594 (85.8%) patients were admitted and 184,206 (34.3%) underwent operations for their facial injuries during the index hospitalization. The frequency and patterns of fractures varied by age, sex, race, and mechanism of injury. Operative intervention rates were highest for mandible (63.2%) and lowest for orbit fractures (1.0%). Multiple regression revealed that multiple factors were independently associated with the odds of early fracture repair including: female versus male (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 0.96 [0.94-0.98]), age >65 versus <18 years (0.62 [0.59-0.64]), non-white race (0.95 [0.94-0.97]), uninsured versus Medicaid (0.88 [0.86-0.90]), hospital bed size (>600 vs ≤200 beds, 1.67 [1.61-1.73]), TBI (0.70 [0.69-0.71]), and C-spine injury (0.93 [0.90-0.96]).

CONCLUSIONS: Facial fractures are common among many demographic cohorts, and multiple patient and injury-specific factors influenced fracture patterns and management. Early operative intervention was highest for mandible fractures and lowest for orbit fractures. Multiple factors including age, sex, insurance status, hospital characteristics, and race/ethnicity were independently associated with early operative intervention, highlighting disparities in care.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app