Aetiologies and temporal trends of atrioventricular block in young patients: a 20-year nationwide study

Johnni Rudbeck-Resdal, Morten K Christiansen, Jens B Johansen, Jens C Nielsen, Henning Bundgaard, Henrik K Jensen
Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology 2019 August 19

AIMS: To describe aetiologies and temporal trends in young patients with atrioventricular block (AVB).

METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified all patients in Denmark, receiving their first pacemaker because of AVB before the age of 50 years between 1996 and 2015. Medical records were reviewed and clinical information and diagnostic work-up results were obtained to evaluate the aetiology. We used Poisson regression testing for temporal trends. One thousand and twenty-seven patients were identified, median age at time of implantation was 38 (interquartile range 25-45) years, 584 (56.9%) were male. The aetiologies were complications to cardiac surgery [n = 157 (15.3%)], congenital AVB [n = 93 (9.0%)], cardioinhibitory reflex [n = 52 (5.0%)], congenital heart disease [n = 43 (4.2%)], complication to radiofrequency ablation [n = 35 (3.4%)], cardiomyopathy [n = 31 (3.0%)], endocarditis [n = 18 (1.7%)], muscular dystrophy [n = 14 (1.4%)], ischaemic heart disease [n = 14 (1.4%)], sarcoidosis [n = 11 (1.1%)], borreliosis [n = 9 (0.9%)], hereditary [n = 6 (0.6%)], side-effect to antiarrhythmics [n = 6 (0.6%)], planned His-ablation [n = 5 (0.5%)], complication to alcohol septal ablation [n = 5 (0.5%)], and other known aetiologies [n = 11 (1.1%)]. The aetiology remained unknown in 517 (50.3%) cases. While the number of patients with unknown aetiology increased during the study period (P < 0.001), we observed no significant change in the number of patients with identified aetiology (P = 0.35).

CONCLUSION: In a nationwide cohort, the aetiology of AVB was identified in only half the patients younger than 50 years referred for first-time pacemaker implantation. The number of patients with unknown aetiology increased during the study period. These findings indicate need for better insight into aetiologies of AVB and improved diagnostic work-up guidelines.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.