Gentamicin 240 mg plus azithromycin 2 g vs. ceftriaxone 500 mg plus azithromycin 2 g for treatment of rectal and pharyngeal gonorrhoea: a randomized controlled trial

F Rob, B Klubalová, E Nyčová, J Hercogová, M Unemo
Clinical Microbiology and Infection 2019 August 14

OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of gentamicin 240 mg plus azithromycin 2 g for treatment of uncomplicated rectal and pharyngeal gonorrhoea compared to ceftriaxone 500 mg plus azithromycin 2 g, the recommended European first-line gonorrhoea treatment.

METHODS: A non-inferiority, open-label, single-centre randomized controlled trial was conducted in Prague, Czech Republic. Patients, 18-75 years of age, diagnosed with uncomplicated rectal or pharyngeal gonorrhoea by nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) were randomized to treatment with gentamicin 240 mg intramuscularly plus azithromycin 2 g orally or ceftriaxone 500 g intramuscularly plus azithromycin 2 g orally. The primary outcome was negative culture and negative NAAT, i.e. 1 week and 3 weeks, respectively, after treatment.

RESULTS: Both clinical cure and microbiological clearance was achieved by 100% (95% CI 0.95-1.00) of patients in the gentamicin/azithromycin arm (n = 72; 40 rectal, 17 pharyngeal and 15 rectal+pharyngeal infections both localizations) and 100% (95% CI 0.95-1.00) in ceftriaxone/azithromycin arm (n = 71; 38 rectal, 14 pharyngeal and 19 rectal+pharyngeal infections). The absolute difference between the two arms was 0.0% (CI95% -5.1 to 5.1), thus less than the pre-specified margin of 7%. Administration of gentamicin was not more painful than ceftriaxone according to the visual analogue scale (1.8 vs. 3.4; p <0.001). Gastrointestinal adverse events were similar in the ceftriaxone arm (33/71, 46.5%) and the gentamicin arm (29/72, 40.3%), and overall in most (52/62, 83.9%) cases they were mild.

CONCLUSIONS: Gentamicin 240 mg plus azithromycin 2 g is an effective alternative for treatment of extragenital gonorrhoea.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"