Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Concomitant 5-fluorouracil, mitomycin-C, and radiotherapy for advanced gynecologic malignancies.

Advanced gynecologic neoplasms continue to pose major therapeutic problems; 22,500 deaths were estimated for 1987. Between December 1983 and October 1985, there were 25 patients evaluated at our institution who on joint evaluation by the radiation oncologist and gynecologic oncologists were found to have extensive disease not amenable to standard therapy. Patients were to be treated by a combined modality approach with Mitomycin-C and 5-Fluorouracil given concomitantly with radiotherapy. Nineteen patients were treated definitively and six patients were treated with palliative intent (24 primary, 1 recurrent). The patients ranged in age from 27 to 90 years with a mean of 57.3 and a median of 57. Primary sites at presentation were: cervix--14 patients, vagina--7 patients, and vulva--4 patients. The initial FIGO stages at time of the initial diagnosis were: Stage I--1 (recurrent), Stage II--4, Stage III--15, and Stage IV--5. Chemotherapy consisted of 5-fluorouracil 1 gm/m2 given continuous infusion for 4 days with Mitomycin-C 10 mg/m2 IV push on day 1. Radiation therapy was started on day 1. Only 2 of 25 patients (8%) required chemotherapy reductions. All 25 patients received mega-voltage irradiation. The external beam dose range was 2000-6500 cGy and 14/25 patients received intracavitary or interstitial therapy. In the definitive patient group, there was no reduction in the therapeutic dose. Only four patients underwent surgical therapy. With a minimum follow-up of 8 months and a median follow-up of 28 months, the survival for the entire population was 56%. Fourteen of the 19 patients (74%) treated definitively are surviving with 12 patients having no evidence of disease. Survival by site in the definitive therapy group was cervix--70%, vulva--100%, and vagina--66%. The overall response rate was 84% at 3 and 9 months (3 months; CR--36%, PR--48%, and 9 months; CR--60%, PR--24%). There were no local recurrences in the 12 patients who achieved a complete response. Three patients died of metastatic disease alone and the overall local control was 60%. Evaluation of therapeutic side effects was performed. Hematologic analysis by the Southeastern Oncology Group criteria showed neutropenia in 14 patients (1--life-threatening, 2--severe, and 11 patients--mild/moderate) and thrombocytopenia was observed in 11 patients (all mild or moderate). All hematologic complications resolved. Acute complications did not appear increased except for the addition of mild oral mucositis (12 patients). Six patients demonstrated late effects with only 2 patients felt to have severe complications.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app