A mast-cell-specific receptor mediates Iopamidol induced immediate IgE-independent anaphylactoid reactions

Wenjun Jiang, Shiling Hu, Delu Che, Hongli An, Rui Liu
International Immunopharmacology 2019 August 8, 75: 105800
Iopamidol is a radiographic contrast media which caused a very high incidence of anaphylactic reactions. Mast cells are sentinel cells in host defense reactions during immediate hypersensitivity responses and anaphylactic responses. Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor X2 (MRGPRX2) is a kind of mast cell specific receptor, which triggers mast cell degranulation in anaphylactic reactions. Mice MrgprB2 is a homologous gene of MRGPRX2. We sought to better understand the anaphylactic reactions induced by Iopamidol and the mechanisms involving MRGPRX2. The MRGPRX2-related anaphylactic reactions induced by Iopamidol were investigated using the hindpaw swelling and extravasation assay in vivo and a calcium imaging assay was used for mast cell intracellular calcium responses detection and mast cell release of anaphylactic mediators, such as β-hexosaminidase, histamine and TNF-α, was also detected in vitro. The mast cell deficient KitW-sh/W-sh mice and MrgprB2 knockout mice exhibited a reduced Iopamidol-induced inflammation effect compared with wild type mice. Furthermore, human mast cells that express MRGPRX2 were activated by Iopamidol in a dose-dependent manner, meanwhile MRGPRX2 knockdown mast cells showed reduced intracellular calcium responses and anaphylactic mediators release effect. It could be concluded that Iopamidol-induced anaphylactoid reactions were MRGPRX2 mediated to provoke mast cells Ca2+ mobilization and degranulation.

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