Comparison of fetal cardiac functions between small-for-gestational age fetuses and late-onset growth-restricted fetuses

Başak Kaya, Ahmet Tayyar, Deniz Kanber Açar, Serdar Kaya
Journal of Perinatal Medicine 2019 October 25, 47 (8): 879-884
Background This study aimed to investigate fetal cardiac functions by spectral tissue Doppler imaging (s-TDI) in pregnancies complicated with late-onset fetal growth restriction (LO-FGR) and small-for-gestational age (SGA). Methods Forty pregnancies complicated with late-onset FGR and 40 pregnancies complicated with SGA between the 34th and 37th weeks of gestation were enrolled in this study. Forty gestational age-matched pregnant women with no obstetrics complication were randomly selected as a control group. Small fetuses were classified as fetal growth restriction or SGA according to estimated fetal weight (EFW), umbilical artery pulsatility index (PI), cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) and uterine artery PI. s-TDI measurements were obtained at the right atrioventricular valve annulus. Results SGA and LO-FGR fetuses had significantly lower A' and S' values, and higher E'/A' ratio than the control group (P < 0.001). In comparison to controls, significantly prolonged isovolumetric contraction time (ICT') and isovolumetric relaxation time (IRT') and, significantly shortened ejection time (ET') were observed in fetuses with SGA and LO-FGR. Increased myocardial performance index (MPI') values were also found in fetuses with SGA and LO-FGR compared to controls. Conclusion The signs of cardiac dysfunction were observed both in fetuses with SGA and LO-FGR. The fetal cardiac function assessment with s-TDI could be a valuable method in the diagnosis of true growth restricted fetuses and in the management of these fetuses.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"