Time analysis of alveolar ridge preservation using a combination of mineralized bone-plug and dense-polytetrafluoroethylene membrane: A histomorphometric study

Shih-Cheng Wen, Shayan Barootchi, Wen-Xia Huang, Hom-Lay Wang
Journal of Periodontology 2019 August 4
31378923

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to histologically evaluate and compare vital bone formation, residual graft particles, and fraction of connective tissue (CT)/other tissues between three different time points at 2-month intervals after alveolar ridge preservation with a cancellous allograft and dense-polytetrafluoroethylene (d-PTFE) membrane.

METHODS: Ridge preservation with a cancellous allograft and d-PTFE membrane was performed at 49 extraction sockets (one per patient). Volunteers were assigned to implant placement at three different time points of 2, 4, and 6 months, at which time core biopsies were obtained. Histomorphometric analysis was performed to determine the percentages of vital bone, residual graft particles, and connective tissue/other non-bone components, and subjected to statistical analyses.

RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference in the amount of vital bone at every time point from 28.31% to 40.87% to 64.11% (at 2-, 4-, and 6-month groups, respectively) (P < 0.05). The percentage of residual graft particles ranged from 44.57% to 36.16% to 14.86%, showing statistical significance from 4 to 6 months (21.29%, P < 0.001), and 2 to 6 months (29.71%, P < 0.001), while there were no significant differences for the amount of CT/other tissue among the different time points.

CONCLUSIONS: This study provided the first histologic comparison of alveolar ridge preservation using a cancellous allograft and d-PTFE membrane at three different time points. Extraction sockets that healed for 6 months produced the highest amount of vital bone in combination with the least percentage of residual graft particles, while similar results were observed for the fraction of CT/other tissues between the three time points.

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