Time analysis of alveolar ridge preservation using a combination of mineralized bone-plug and dense-polytetrafluoroethylene membrane: A histomorphometric study

Shih-Cheng Wen, Shayan Barootchi, Wen-Xia Huang, Hom-Lay Wang
Journal of Periodontology 2019 August 4

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to histologically evaluate and compare vital bone formation, residual graft particles, and fraction of connective tissue (CT)/other tissues between three different time points at 2-month intervals after alveolar ridge preservation with a cancellous allograft and dense-polytetrafluoroethylene (d-PTFE) membrane.

METHODS: Ridge preservation with a cancellous allograft and d-PTFE membrane was performed at 49 extraction sockets (one per patient). Volunteers were assigned to implant placement at three different time points of 2, 4, and 6 months, at which time core biopsies were obtained. Histomorphometric analysis was performed to determine the percentages of vital bone, residual graft particles, and connective tissue/other non-bone components, and subjected to statistical analyses.

RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference in the amount of vital bone at every time point from 28.31% to 40.87% to 64.11% (at 2-, 4-, and 6-month groups, respectively) (P < 0.05). The percentage of residual graft particles ranged from 44.57% to 36.16% to 14.86%, showing statistical significance from 4 to 6 months (21.29%, P < 0.001), and 2 to 6 months (29.71%, P < 0.001), while there were no significant differences for the amount of CT/other tissue among the different time points.

CONCLUSIONS: This study provided the first histologic comparison of alveolar ridge preservation using a cancellous allograft and d-PTFE membrane at three different time points. Extraction sockets that healed for 6 months produced the highest amount of vital bone in combination with the least percentage of residual graft particles, while similar results were observed for the fraction of CT/other tissues between the three time points.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"