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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Albumin for cirrhotic patients with extraperitoneal infections: a meta-analysis

Gabriel Stefani Leão, Guilherme John Neto, Raquel de Freitas Jotz, Angelo Alves Alves de Mattos, Ângelo Zambam de Mattos
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2019 July 28
31353630

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Bacterial infections are among the main causes of death in patients with cirrhosis. While there are unquestionable benefits of using albumin in patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, the benefits of albumin are controversial for those with extraperitoneal infections. The aim was to compare the use of albumin associated to antibiotics and antibiotics alone in cirrhotic patients with extraperitoneal infections.

METHODS: A systematic review was performed using MEDLINE and EMBASE databases. Randomized controlled trials comparing albumin associated to antibiotics and antibiotics alone in cirrhotic patients with extraperitoneal infections were considered eligible, as long as at least one of the following outcomes was evaluated: mortality; renal dysfunction. Meta-analysis was performed using the random effects model, through the Mantel-Haenszel method. The study protocol was registered at PROSPERO platform (CRD42018107191).

RESULTS: The literature search yielded 812 references. Three randomized controlled trials fulfilled the selection criteria and were included in this meta-analysis. There was no evidence of significant difference between the groups regarding mortality in 30 days (risk ratio - RR = 1.62, 95% confidence interval - CI: 0.92 - 2.84, p = 0.09, I2 = 0%) or in 90 days (RR = 1.27, 95%CI: 0.89 - 1.83, p = 0.19, I2 = 0%). Regarding renal dysfunction, there was also no evidence of significant difference between the groups (RR = 0.55, 95%CI: 0.25 - 1.19, p = 0.13, I2 = 0%).

CONCLUSION: There is no evidence of significant benefits of using albumin for cirrhotic patients with extraperitoneal infections regarding mortality or renal dysfunction.

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