Vibration settling time of the gastrocnemius remains constant during an exhaustive run in rear foot strike runners

Arash Khassetarash, Reza Hassannejad, Mir Mohammad Ettefagh, Ali E Oskouei
Journal of Biomechanics 2019 July 8
In this study, vibrations of human gastrocnemius during an exhaustive run protocol are considered for analysis. Previous studies have shown increased vibration intensity and damping coefficient within the soft tissue with fatigue. The question of this study was to investigate if the vibration settling time remains constant during a prolonged running. Eleven semi-professional middle/long distance runners ran to exhaustion on a treadmill with their preferred constant speed (4.29 ± 0.33 m/s) for 3873 ± 1147 m. Vibration of the gastrocnemius lateralis, electrical activity of the tibialis anterior and the gastrocnemius medialis along with ground reaction force (GRF) were recorded. The results demonstrated significant increase in impact peak and loading rate, and the frequency content of the impact, with no significant change in active peak of the vertical GRF. Fatigue resulted in increased vibration intensity, damping coefficient, and energy dissipation of vibration with no change in vibration settling time. Furthermore, peak acceleration significantly linearly (R = 0.59) increased as a function of running time. The mean frequency of muscle activity of the gastrocnemius medialis and the intensity of muscle activity in TA significantly decreased. The results suggest that constant vibration settling time might either be an objective for muscle tuning which is more pronounced in fatigued state or a passive by-product of muscle function in running. Further studies are needed to address this point.


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