JOURNAL ARTICLE

Patient and caregiver priorities for medication adherence in gout, osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis: nominal group technique

Ayano Kelly, Kathleen Tymms, Maarten de Wit, Susan J Bartlett, Marita Cross, Therese Dawson, Mary De Vera, Vicki Evans, Michael Gill, Geraldine Hassett, Irwin Lim, Karine Manera, Gabor Major, Lyn March, Sean O'Neill, Marieke Scholte-Voshaar, Premarani Sinnathurai, Daniel Sumpton, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Peter Tugwell, Bart van den Bemt, Allison Tong
Arthritis Care & Research 2019 July 19
31325214

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify and prioritize factors important to patients and caregivers with regard to medication adherence in gout, osteoporosis (OP) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to describe the reasons for their decisions.

METHODS: Patients with gout, OP and RA, and their caregivers purposively sampled from five rheumatology clinics in Australia, identified and ranked factors considered important for medication adherence using nominal group technique and discussed their decisions. An importance score (scale 0-1) was calculated, and qualitative data were analysed thematically.

RESULTS: From 14 focus groups, 82 participants (67 patients, 15 caregivers) identified 49 factors. The top five factors based on the ranking of all participants were trust in doctor (importance score 0.46), medication effectiveness (0.31), doctor's knowledge (0.25), side effects (0.23), medication taking routine (0.13). The order of the ranking varied by participant groupings with patients ranking trust in doctor the highest whilst caregivers ranked side effects the highest. Five themes reflecting the reasons for factors influencing adherence were: motivation and certainty in supportive individualised care; living well and restoring function; fear of toxicity and cumulative harm; seeking control and involvement; and unnecessarily difficult and inaccessible.

CONCLUSIONS: Factors related to the doctor, medication properties and patients' medication knowledge and routine were important for adherence. Strengthening doctor-patient trust and partnership, managing side effects, and empowering patients with knowledge and skills for medicine-taking could enhance medication adherence in patients with rheumatic conditions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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