Lifetime Smoking Patterns and Preferences for Smoking Cessation Among Women Veterans Receiving Veterans Health Administration Care

Sarah M Wilson, Alyssa M Medenblik, Julia M Neal, Jennifer L Strauss, J Murray McNiel, Warren E Christian, Jean C Beckham, Patrick S Calhoun
Qualitative Health Research 2019 July 16, : 1049732319857536
The objective of this study was to identify common themes among women veterans who smoke or recently quit and had used smoking cessation treatment within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). The study built upon previous research by utilizing in-depth interviews to encourage disclosure of potentially stigmatized topics. Twenty women veterans enrolled in VHA care engaged in a quality improvement project focused on improving smoking cessation services. Qualitative analysis of de-identified interviews used a combination of content analysis and thematic analysis within the sociopharmacological model of tobacco addiction. Findings revealed that participants' smoking was influenced by woman veteran identity and by several gender-related contextual factors, including military sexual trauma and gender discrimination. Findings also highlighted other contextual factors, such as personal autonomy, emotional smoking triggers, and chronic mental health concerns. Findings are interpreted within the context of cultural power imbalances, and recommendations are provided for VHA smoking cessation for women veterans.


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