Meningitis and encephalitis management in the ICU

Christopher P Robinson, Katharina M Busl
Current Opinion in Critical Care 2019, 25 (5): 423-429

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Management of patients with meningitis and encephalitis oftentimes requires ICU level of care. This article is an update on management for meningitis and encephalitis with focus on clinical care in the ICU. Information provided is based on a review of recent studies with focus on studies since 2017.

RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in diagnostic and treatment approach for different pathogens are presented. Nosocomial meningitis now constitutes a major part of brain infections seen in ICUs in the developed world. Advances in ICU care of central nervous system (CNS) infections include application of newer diagnostic methods, improved understanding and delivery of antibiotics to the CNS, infection prevention for nosocomial infections, and application of neuromonitoring where indicated.

SUMMARY: Advances in diagnostics and therapeutic approach to CNS infections are continually made. For intensivists, focus on neuromonitoring and brain resuscitation in critically ill patients with CNS infections may present a path to enhance preservation of brain function and improve outcomes. VIDEO ABSTRACT:


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