OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Monosodium urate crystal interleukin-1β release is dependent on Toll-like receptor 4 and transient receptor potential V1 activation

Mateus F Rossato, Carin Hoffmeister, Gabriela Trevisan, Fabio Bezerra, Thiago M Cunha, Juliano Ferreira, Cassia R Silva
Rheumatology 2019 July 11
31298290

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to elucidate the mechanisms involved in MSU-induced IL-1β release in a rodent animal model of acute gout arthritis.

METHODS: Painful (mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity, ongoing pain and arthritis score) and inflammatory (oedema, plasma extravasation, cell infiltration and IL-1β release) parameters were assessed several hours after intra-articular injection of MSU (100 µg/articulation) in wild-type or knockout mice for Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), transient receptor potential (TRP) V1 and the IL-1 receptor (IL-1R). Also, wild-type animals were treated with clodronate, lipopolysaccharide from Rhodobacter sphaeroides (LPS-RS) (TLR4 antagonist), spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) inhibitor (iSYK), aminoguanidine (AMG, an iNOS inhibitor) or SB366791 (TRPV1 antagonist). Nitrite/nitrate and IL-1β levels were measured on the synovial fluid of wild-type mice, 2 h after intra-articular MSU injections, or medium from macrophages stimulated for MSU (1000 μg) for 2 h.

RESULTS: Intra-articular MSU injection caused robust nociception and severe inflammation from 2 up to 6 h after injection, which were prevented by the pre-treatment with clodronate, LPS-RS, iSYK, AMG and SB366791, or the genetic ablation of TLR4, iNOS, TRPV1 or IL-1R. MSU also increased nitrite/nitrate and IL-1β levels in the synovial fluid, which was prevented by clodronate, LPS-RS, iSYK and AMG, but not by SB366791. Similarly, MSU-stimulated peritoneal macrophages released nitric oxide, which was prevented by LPS-RS, iSYK and AMG, but not by SB366791, and released IL-1β, which was prevented by LPS-RS, iSYK, AMG and SB366791.

CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that MSU may activate TLR4, SYK, iNOS and TRPV1 to induce the release of IL-1β by macrophages, triggering nociception and inflammation during acute gout attack.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
31298290
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"